Central Air Conditioning Units
Central AC is one of the most common forms of air conditioning on the market. Central air conditioners are large units located on the outside of a house that pump in cool air through complex layers of duct work. The majority of the machinery remains outside, leaving your home noise free.
If you live in a home or office complex built within the last 30 years, chances are you are outfitted with a Central AC unit. They are easy to service and are located far enough away from the house to not be a burden to the homeowner.
Room Air Conditioning Units
These units are the standard window-mounted units you’ve seen in apartments, hotel rooms, or small houses. They are a self-sufficient unit that work independently of any other cooling units you may have in your house. Typically, room AC units are used to cool only 1-3 rooms, as their range does not reach into the far corners of your home.
The unit is separated into two sections: the cooling unit and the unit which creates the cool air. The cooling unit puts out the air into the room. The unit that creates the cool air takes air from the environment around it, places it in through a coil to introduce coolant, and injects it into your home.
Evaporative Air Conditioning Units
If you live in a hot and dry climate, an evaporative AC unit is the right model for you. Many other HVAC units count on moisture already being in the air, where they can latch coolant into the moisture and create cool air. But in dry climates, there is little water vapor contained within the air.
An evaporative unit creates moisture inside of the machine, then reintroduces it into the home. This allows for a thorough cooling of the inside of the home while the outside remains hot and dry. Those who already live in humid areas should not use evaporative models, as the machine depends on evaporating the air around it to function.
Ductless Air Conditioner Mini Splits
A ductless AC mini split system is a more energy efficient option for those who do not have an HVAC installed in their home. Instead of having to get your home retrofitted for thorough airflow, installing a ductless AC mini split system can give you cool air throughout your house using fewer resources.
Instead of relying on an intricate grid of ductwork, a mini split system installs an evaporator in each room. Each evaporator connects to an outside condenser, where the cool air is derived from. The cool air is then funneled into the home using very little effort.